The Understanding Of Fentanyl
Fentanyl is an opioid pain reliever (OPR), a synthetic pharmaceutical drug, stronger than morphine more than 50 to 100 times. Fentanyl is mostly employed to handle severe pain; pain after surgery or pain that has occurred from cancer treatment. If other pain relievers fail because the body become accustomed to it, Fentanyl is the go-to drug for its efficiency and potency. It is a good candidate for abuse because of its powerful effect. After one becomes tolerant to Fentanyl, they will subsequently need higher amounts to feel normal.
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Fentanyl usually meet the needs of the users in a number of forms.
Following are the few brand names and forms for Fentanyl
- Actiq - This form of Fentanyl is administered under the tongue like a lollipop and comes as a lozenge on a plastic stick.
- It can be used by military officers and people who are using pain reliever.
- Duragesic - This Fentanyl patch was first introduced in the 1990's.
- This is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain and its effects can last for up to 3 days.
- Sublimaze - Sublimaze is the injectable form of Fentanyl, generally administered in hospitals sometimes alongside anaesthetics.
- Before and after surgeries, it can be used to manage pain.
- Subsys - This refers to a sublingual spray that is put under the tongue to offer the fastest relief of pain.
- The treatment of breakthrough cancer pain is its main effect.
- Abstral - Also employed in patients who are tolerant to opioids but with breakthrough cancer pain, it is the fast dissolving form of Fentanyl that is put under the tongue to effect immediate relief of pain.
- Lazanda - A nasal spray form of Fentanyl that is taken in a similar way to common nasal decongestant spray.
- In cancer patients, it is predominantly used to treat pain.
Fentanyl blocks the pain receptors in the brain and increases the production of the happiness-inducing chemical dopamine. Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, TNT and crush are some of the street names for Fentanyl.
In case you or someone close to you is abusing Fentanyl don't hesitate to ask for help.
Symptoms Of Fentanyl Abuse
Just as is the case for other OPRs, this drug has a high potential of addiction and abuse even if it is a prescription.
When thinking about the potency and addictive potential of the drug it has caused the National Institute on Drug Abuse to produce a warning that a Fentanyl epidemic has the possibility of occurring.
An intense euphoria and sense of relaxation similar to a heroin "high" are experienced by those ingesting Fentanyl at unprescribed levels.
Fentanyl abuse shows symptoms such as
- Laboured breathing
- Feeling weak
- Impaired vision
- General sickness
People whose bodies react to pain relievers will find addiction to Fentanyl to be more likely. If someone abuses the substance without a tolerance, then they already have increased the risk of overdosing.
Fentanyl abuse can cause depression and even result in failure of the respiratory system, ending up with a possible fatal overdose.
Combining Fentanyl with illicit narcotics such as heroin and stimulants such as cocaine increases the damaging potency of this drug. Fentanyl is a potentially lethal drug, either taken as an prescription or abused recreationally.
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Signs Of A Fentanyl Dependency
Fentanyl has a huge effect on the central nervous system, resulting in high levels of dopamine flooding and chemically affecting the brain with time. Someone who has been prescribed Fentanyl might turn to illegal methods of getting the drug after finishing their prescribed amount and become dependent on it due to it neurochemical changes.
Dependent on this drug may be stimulated by using it recklessly.
Given that a number of patients don't accept the fact that Fentanyl is quite addictive, the chances of accidental and intentional abuse are heightened. The Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders offers doctors a criteria of making a diagnosis of substance use disorder which helps in picking out subtle behaviours that could indicate one being tolerant or developing some withdrawal effects.
Discover more on the recognition of an addiction to Fentanyl.
Treatment For A Fentanyl Addiction
Even though it is not really life-threatening when stopping the use this drug by going cold turkey, it is not the best decision. Stopping the addiction to the drug may bring discomfort for those addicted as they are practically living on it. Specialized treatment programs are available for both inpatient and outpatient treatment of an addiction.
Fentanyl withdrawal might vary in the nature of its severity based on the levels of use as well as the preferred form of the drug, this ranges from intense chills, sweating and restlessness.
Though the Fentanyl withdrawal is rarely lethal, chances of a relapse are quite high. Medical supervision at the time of a detox could simplify the cleansing process and reduce the chances of a relapse.
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It is difficult to get over an addiction, but this goal is achievable. If you need someone to talk to, there are groups of people who are ready to listen to you. Begin breaking your addiction today.